Mammals

hyenas

hyenas

Hyenas are typical inhabitants of the dry steppes, predators, which are not popular with humans as scavengers. These animals, with a massive build, have strong limbs, strong head with short, almost naked ears, strong jaws with large teeth adapted to crushing bones. The forelegs are much taller than the hind legs, which gives these predators a crouched appearance.

Hyenas lead a nocturnal lifestyle, and during the day they sleep in caves or burrows. They go out to look for food after dark. They wander all night, making distinctive voices resembling hysterical laughter, and sometimes the howl of the wind. Their main food is carrion. Usually numerous individuals gather near the found corpse, even a spotted hyena, which in other cases does not meet with her fellow tribesmen. Because there are usually a lot of carrion hyenas in the area of ​​occurrence, they don't have to attack and kill on their own. Sometimes only in case of severe hunger, they attack live animals. Because they are afraid of large mammals, their prey is mostly small species, sheep, among others. It also happens, that hyenas hunt in the vicinity of human settlements, however, the slightest movement or noise causes these predators to flee. Known “after all, there are cases of attacking a sleeping man, which normally causes fear in hyenas. Despite their voracity, hyenas are very resistant to hunger and can go without food for a long time.

The hyenas' pregnancy continues 13 weeks. He happens to be in one litter 2-5 young. Childbirth takes place in clefts or hollows in the ground. Young are born well developed, with open eyes and able to walk immediately after birth. 'The siblings bite each other and often hurt badly. For this reason, young hyenas are kept singly in zoos.

In southern and eastern Africa, south of the Sahara, occurs cętkowana hyena also called spotted (Crocuta crocuta). It lives singly in the steppes, in forest steps, and sometimes also in the deserts. The length of her body is approximately 1,3 m (there are also larger specimens), and the height at the withers is approx 80 cm. The coat is rusty brown or gray with dark brown spots unevenly distributed.

The second species that lives in open spaces is pręgowana hyena (Hyaena hyaena). It is found throughout northern Africa and through Syria, Palestine and the Arabian Peninsula as far as India. It is smaller than the spotted hyena, its length does not exceed the usual length 1 m. The body is covered with fur, which forms an abundant mane on the back. Vertical stripes on both sides of the body are characteristic of this species, dark colors on a much lighter background. There are horizontal dark stripes on the legs. He lives in pairs or groups. It is a fairly common animal; lives in great numbers in areas not inhabited by humans.